What does adaptation to climate change mean? ADAPTATION means learning to live with changes such as the longer summers and more severe storms that we are already encountering. All will have to do some things differently to avoid making the problem worse, so cutting carbon emissions is a priority. There will be a variety of things that will need to be done. This will include measures such as the restoration of eco-systems, such as those within the Great Fen, and the construction of flood defences.